The Challenge

Sparking Change • Transforming Lives

Helping Young People Overcome Adversity

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The Situation

  • 42 young people are permenantly excluded from school everyday.
  • Permanent exclusions continue to rise every year.
  • Around 200,000 young people a year are temporarily excluded from school.
  • Children with special educational needs and learning difficulties are most at risk of being excluded.
Child Needs Help
Desperate black man lying street covered with sleeping bag, poverty hopelessness

"All young people should be able to get help where and when they need it most"

The Cost

  • On average, the cost to the taxpayer is estimated to be in the region of £370,000 over the course of each permanently excluded young person’s life.
  • Excluding a young person in Key Stage 4 costs, on average, £4,800 per year.
  • Excluding a young person in Key Stage 3 costs, on average, £3700 a year.
  • A place in a Pupil Referral Unit costs in the region of £18,000 a year.
  • A place in a Special School costs from £25,000-£48,000 a year.
  • For provision in an Independent Non-Maintained School the cost is £40,000-£80,000 a year.
  • An Independent Non-Maintained Residential School costs around £180,000 a year.
  • The Criminal Justice System costs £250,000 per year, per young person.

The Cause

Adverse Childhood Experiences

Child Doorway ACEs
ASCs Child Bars
ACEs Mother and Child


Are traumatic events, which occur particularly during childhood.

Significantly effect how children and young people’s brains develop.

Can be intense and frequently occurring stressful experiences.

Often produce an environment of “toxic stress” that negatively influences mental health.

Encompass a diverse range of forms of abuse and neglect.

Drastically increase the likelihood of having health problems in later life.

Types of ACEs

More Information